THE PSYCHIC LENS
SURREALISM AND THE CAMERA
Bill Brandt » César Domela » Florence Henri » Horst P. Horst » André Kertesz » François Kollar » Herbert List » Man Ray » Tina Modotti » Floris Neusüss » Toshiko Okanoue » Roger Parry » Franz Roh » Steve Schapiro » Josef Sudek » André Villers » Václav Zykmund »
Exhibition: 24 Nov 2016 – 28 Jan 2017
49 Dorset Street
W1U 7NF London
Mon-Fri 10-18 . Sat 11-17
A new exhibition of nearly 50 works at Atlas Gallery will explore how photographers responded to Surrealism over the course of over 50 years. The Psychic Lens: Surrealism and the camera, will include vintage photographs by well-known figures such as Man Ray, Andre Kertesz, Florence Henri and Bill Brandt alongside rarely seen works by artists such as Vaclav Zykmund and Franz Roh to tell the story of Surrealism through photography.
Surrealism was an avant-garde movement in art and literature beginning in the 1920s when artists began to experiment with ways of unleashing the subconscious imagination. Poet Andre Breton is credited with launching the movement in Paris in 1924. Over time the influence of the movement spread far and wide, as evidenced in the inclusion of collages by Japanese artist, Toshiko Okanoue from the 1950s, which will be on show in the exhibition.
There are two broad types of surrealism – the oneiric, dream-like imagery, as shown in the work of Florence Henri. Roger Parry, Cesar Domela and later Bill Brandt and automatism, a process of making which unleashed the unconscious by creating without conscious thought, as shown in some of the works by Man Ray. The tropes and motifs of Surrealism – photomontage, solarisation, still life, nudes and the photograms – infiltrated the language of photography in the proceeding years. This is demonstrated in the fashion photographs of Horst P. Horst in the exhibition, most notably the work Hands, Hands from 1941, which is a study of five disembodied hands. The exhibition also includes photographers who documented surrealism and the figures associated with the medium, including Herbert List’s portrait of Jean Cocteau (1944), Steve Schapiro’s portrait of Rene Margritte taken at MOMA, New York in 1965.
The main focus of the exhibition is a selection of works by Man Ray, illustrating the diversity of his output relating to surrealism, from portraits of artist Max Ernst and poet, artist and model Iris Tree, to ‘Rayographs’ – his avant-garde photograms created without a camera on photosensitive paper, his innovative work Woman with Long Hair (1929) and a rare print of Untitled (Ostrich egg with stamp and sandpaper) (1941).
The exhibition also includes works by Florence Henri and Franz Roh whose work has rarely been seen in the UK. Florence Henri studied under László Moholy-Nagy before setting up her studio in Berlin and becoming a central figure in the world of avant-garde photography in the 1920s. The exhibition includes two works Composition Ombres, 1936 and Portrait Composition (E), 1937 – both remarkable for their experimental use of natural light and composition. Three works by Franz Roh are another highlight of the exhibition. Two original photo collages and a vintage print are examples of ‘magic realism’ – a phrase coined by Roh, a historian, art critic and photographer, in 1925.